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Oppa Gangga Style




In her latest article for, Janice Nigro gets her Gangga Style on when she checks out the diving that Gangga Island has to offer…

Sometimes you wake up from a good dream in a place that seems like you are still in the dream. Today was one of those days. I woke up in my own bungalow on an island called Gangga in North Sulawesi, Indonesia.

GanggaI am about two weeks into a so-called “swimabout”. No, I am not so clever to come up with this phrase myself. An acquaintance from a boat trip threw that term out there when I described the planned events for the next three months. It has been something I have thought about for the last seven years in Norway. Perhaps it is a way of resetting balance in the hours of sunlight in my life, so it is necessary.

My trip started with a 50.6 second time to lift off in the new Airbus A380. Amazing after several years of thinking about the “swimabout” and several months of planning, it only took 50.6 seconds to start. Of course it took another 33 hours to reach my final destination of Sorong, Indonesia, which is so far to the east that the people no longer look Indonesian, but rather are Papuans.

GanggaI traveled to Sorong to be on a liveaboard in Raja Ampat (another story) so to reach Gangga Island, I took an extremely long route. Gangga is another one of those places that doesn’t appear on most US travel itineraries, but it should. You can travel all the way here on Singapore Airlines and leave just as easily, which is important if you have ever traveled on domestic Indonesian flights. Since I had to fly from Sorong to Manado in North Sulawesi, I had two flights, one that stopped over in my favourite international airport, Makassar, which is always printed on your ticket as Ujung Pandang. Confusing. Even more confusing is that my flights were on two different airlines, which meant that I had to claim my baggage, recheck-in, and pay again for overweight baggage in Makassar. To give you an example of how much you have to just focus on the endpoint while traveling in Indonesia, in Sorong, I was allowed 20 kilos and was three kilos over at 2USD per kilo. In Makassar, I was only allowed 15 kilos but at the rate of 1.10USD per kilo. Essentially the same price. My bag made it, as did I to the international airport in Manado, and one thing I was glad to not have to do was fly Indonesian domestic flights further. They are jam packed with people and things…

GanggaI landed in Manado, with my bag, to a place so green and packed with palm trees and rain and fresh water rivers. The driver from the resort found me immediately, and we drove off. It was about a 45-minute car ride to the sea where a boat picked me up and then another 30 minutes to Gangga Island.

I could not find Gangga time on my iPhone, and if it existed, it would not be linked to GMT anyway. It is a safe place away from so-called civilization where the most you have to worry about are the falling coconuts and ants getting into your chocolate. Falling coconuts are a real hazard because the island is packed with coconut trees. In fact, one day about a meter in front of me a coconut dropped, bam, as if to awaken me suddenly from my dream.

Indonesians even on Gangga time still recognize different times of the day with different greetings in the same way that Italians do. In Italy, buon giorno is for good morning and at some point in the day before night but sometime after lunch it becomes buona sera. It is much the same in Indonesia, except that there are four greetings throughout the day. Like most languages there is good morning and good evening, but I have not quite mastered the transition between good afternoon, selamat siang, and good late afternoon, for lack of a better phrase, selamat sore. I am often missing that part of the day when the transition occurs anyway because I am, of course, usually under the water.

GanggaThe second half of November seems to be a slow time for the Gangga Island Resort. So slow in fact that I have had my own personal dive guide, Paulus, for every dive, and I share a day boat with only six others who are all from German speaking countries. I have basically had a choice between speaking German or Indonesian. I took Indonesian. Two very different languages as one is grammar-rich and the other not, although word positions in Indonesian are backwards for native English speakers. It is all relative because if you would ask an Indonesian, he/she would say that English is backwards. After so many days, I can be at least polite and report my dive statistics in Indonesian.

Since the dive sites from Gangga Island all have Indonesian names, I am every day learning a couple of new, useful words in Indonesian, such as gray and banana, and east and west. You can mix these words together to get different sites around Gangga and Bankga Island, which is also nearby. So an added plus to keeping the dive log is that some Indonesian words will creep into your vocabulary, and now I can discuss the colour of a banana.

GanggaMy guide Paulus is a local from an island nearby. It is a small village and his father fished (still fishes) every day to send his children all the way through university. It is somewhat humbling to meet such a person and to hear their life story-and in your own language of English. He has even built an artificial reef system with electricity running through it to stimulate hard coral growth. You can tell just by looking at the structures that he has a sense of humour. One of his additional talents is to play the guitar and sing. Not only does he play the guitar, but anything that will make a sound. So in between dives, we were treated to harmonies by the guys on the boat and they would take turns playing the guitar, accompanied by “drum beats” from the empty tanks, empty water carboys, or the boat. Wow, what a tough job interview is all I could think.

GanggaPaulus is a specialist it seems in finding really small critters everywhere. The type of creatures that you still need the dive guide when you look at your photos. I have seen Pontohi hippocampus (a type of pygmy seahorse that lives on the rocks) before but here I see one nearly every day. I am still not sure how he finds them because even when he shows it to me and I look away for a moment, I have lost it.

One of the most interesting parts of the dive sites around Gangga Island is the geography. The entire area has been more or less formed by lava. I don’t know how long ago it evolved as it has as there are currently no active volcanoes in the vicinity. The lava is sometimes big square blocks with beautiful soft corals growing out everywhere. On one dive, Sahaung Satu, the lava formed as a broad plateau or as the floor of a Greek temple, even with steps. You almost expect to see some fallen ancient statues. Instead, you will find a pile of baby white tip reef sharks. When I asked Paulus where the mother was, he told me, “At the supermarket. Why not?” Yes, probably, the white tip version.

One of my favourite creatures is the boxer crab. These crabs live under the coral rubble in a symbiotic relationship with two small anemones (OK, so there is that anemone theme/obsession again…). I have never witnessed a guide actually finding one so I can’t verify where they come from, but it is from somewhere under the rubble. There is a lot of rubble, so you can imagine that when they signal to me that they have found something and it’s a boxer crab, I am amazed. On an afternoon dive at Lakehe with no one else, I was treated to this small wonder of nature on a viewing all of my own.

GanggaThe wonders of nature get even smaller. Microscopic. One day I was looking at a tiny red fur ball at Air Benua (Benua water). I could see that the fur ball somehow motored around with purpose, but it was impossible to see which end was driving the maneuvers. I took a photo and only then could I see some eyes but at the wrong end of the photo. In the afternoon at Lihaga, I saw a green blob and again only after I looked at the photo could I see the eyes, some antennae, and legs of the hairy green shrimp. You begin to better appreciate how life develops. One egg, one sperm and you become either a hairy red shrimp or a whale shark.

GanggaJust when you think you could be bored diving from a resort (not possible for me), they take you to a dive site like Efratha along Bangka Island. It is a sandy slope and a wall on one side of the island. Paulus loves to scan the sand for small creatures and easily coaxes mantis shrimp out of their holes. After an exhausting photo session over the sand, he brought me to a wall filled with cirque d’soleiling nudibranchs, a black Pontohi hippocampus that refused to look at me, and a giant black frogfish. At one point, he was pointing to a Halimeda ghost pipefish while looking for other creatures simultaneously.

GanggaAlthough I have been keeping a dive log as usual while I am here, it really should be a food log. I have been eating a lot of fish, which perhaps is a conflict of interest, but here it is so fresh and well, they often serve it with coconut milk… Meals are actually four courses and since I have lost my chocolate to the ants, I am especially interested each evening in dessert. My favourite has been steamed banana with coconut milk. Sure, it almost sounds like the best thing you could get to eat if you have lost all of your teeth, but even if you have all of your teeth, you are anxiously waiting for it to reappear on the menu. Before I set off on this adventure, it seemed logical to think that I could become smaller on a small island diving three times a day. But after several days in Gangga, if there is Gangga time, I now believe in Gangga weight…

GanggaThere doesn’t seem to be even enough Gangga time in the day to do everything that I “have” to do. Dive, eat, nap, and watch the sunset. My bungalow is right by the sea however, so you can multi-task, as a big window in the bathroom allows you to take a shower and peak out at the sunset simultaneously. And when you think that you have not paid enough reverence to nature throughout the day, you still have the stars to admire after dinner and sometimes the staff will sing. One night three of us watched for shooting stars and over the course of an hour, we saw five!

So now if you meet someone and they say they are from Gangga Island, you can say, yes, I know it.


Janice Nigro is an avid scuba diver with a PhD in biology.  She is a scientist who has studied the development of human cancer at universities in the USA and Norway, and has discovered the benefits of artistic expression through underwater photography and story writing of her travel adventures.

Gear Reviews

Gear Review: Mares EOS LRZ Torch Range



What does LRZ stand for I hear you ask? The answer is: LED lights, Rechargeable, Zoomable. Mares have created a versatile set of seven underwater lights in the new range to suit all needs and budgets.

I tested the most powerful of them – the EOS 32LRZ at Capernwray on a cold but bright spring day. I was diving with Alex Mustard, and so all the underwater images are by him, showing me trying out the torch in both the shallows and in some of the wrecks at this site.

All the torches in the new line have an LED visual battery charge indicator that allows you to keep the battery level under control.

Want to use it out of the water? No problem! The new EOS LRZ torches feature an innovative temperature control system that allows you to use them both underwater and on land. I can see myself using this on gloomy dog walks later in the year!

As you can see from the video I filmed just after getting back from a dive, the torch is easy to use, even with thick gloves in cold water. The zoomable light beam means that you can highlight a particular spot, or have a wide beam, which is great for both modeling for a photographer, and exploring different underwater environments.

The EOS 32LRZ has a powerful beam with 3200 lumens of power and 135 minutes of burn time. Perfect for some of the darker dives you can experience in the UK, but also for exploring overhead or enclosed environments. I easily got 2 long dives out of a single charge, and then was able to recharge it in my car using a USB cable on the way home, ready for the next day of diving.

The look and feel of these torches are great. In your hand you can feel the quality of the torches. They are solid and well built. They also look great. Each torch in the range comes with a padded case to keep them safe during transport.

For more, visit the Mares website by clicking here.

All underwater images by Alex Mustard

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Marine Life & Conservation

Reef-World launches Green Fins Japan!



The Reef-World Foundation, the Onna Village Diving Association, the local government, and Oceana are delighted to announce that Japan is now the 14th country globally to implement the Green Fins initiative – a UN Environment Programme initiative. Onna Village in Okinawa is the first Japanese tourist destination to adopt Green Fins environmental standards to reduce the threats associated with diving and snorkelling on the marine environment.

Green Fins is piloted in Onna Village, Okinawa prefecture, an area renowned for its marine sports and has been working to protect its reefs for many years. Green Fins is implemented as part of the national Sustainable Development Goals project, which aims to manage and illustrate to the local industry how sustainable tourism can play a role in reef conservation. The economic benefits of the reefs benefit not only the fisheries industry but also the tourism industry as it has rocketed in recent decades.

If the project is successful – proving the value of sustainable tourism – the model has the potential to be escalated to a national level. A wide rollout would allow Reef-World to focus on uptake and expansion into other marine tourism and biodiversity hotspots across Japan. Green Fins implementation in Japan would provide practical solutions to many of the common problems faced in the area. It would also help to promote high standards for diving in the country. Improving the quality of the diving industry through Green Fins would demonstrate the added value of Onna Village’s tourism product. This, in turn, will encourage tourists to spend more time and money diving in the region.

Following a week of training by Reef-World (23 to 28 May 2022), Japan now has a national Green Fins team comprised of four fully certified Green Fins Assessors and two Green Fins Coordinators from Oceana and the local government. They will be responsible for recruiting, assessing, training and certifying dive and snorkel operators to become Green Fins members in the country. This involves providing training about the ecology and threats to coral reefs, simple and local everyday solutions to these threats and Green Fins’ environmental standards to dive and snorkel operators. Green Fins membership will help marine tourism operators improve their sustainability and prove they are working hard to follow environmental best practices as a way of attracting eco-minded tourists.

James Harvey, Director at The Reef-World Foundation, said: “We are really excited to finally introduce Green Fins in Japan. We have been planning this for almost three years, but the travel restrictions related to the pandemic hindered progress. The diving industry in Okinawa and the marine life upon which it has been built is so unique, it must be preserved for generations to come. The Okinawa diving community is very passionate about protecting their marine environment, and Green Fins has given them an opportunity to collectively work to reduce their environmental impact and pursue exemplary environmental standards.”

Diving and snorkelling related damage to sensitive marine ecosystems, including coral reefs, is becoming an increasingly significant issue. This damage makes them less likely to survive other local and wider stressors, such as overfishing or plastic debris and the effects of climate change. Based on robust individual assessments, the Green Fins initiative helps identify and mitigate these risks by providing environmental consultation and support to dive and snorkel operators. Through Green Fins implementation in Japan, Reef-World aims to reduce negative environmental impacts in the region by reaching 10 marine tourism operators, training 50 dive guides and raising awareness of sustainability best practices among 10,000 tourists in the first year.

Yuta Kawamoto, CEO of Oceana, said: “Green Fins will help to unify all the conservation efforts in Okinawa by applying the guidelines in many areas and raising tourists awareness. We hope this will increase the sustainable value in the diving industry and in turn increase the diving standards in the country.”

Green Fins is a UN Environment Programme initiative, internationally coordinated by The Reef-World Foundation, which aims to protect and conserve coral reefs through environmentally friendly guidelines to promote a sustainable diving and snorkelling tourism industry. Green Fins provides the only internationally recognised environmental standards for the diving and snorkelling industry and has a robust assessment system to measure compliance.

To date, four dive operators in Onna Village have joined the global network of 600+ trained and assessed Green Fins members. These are: Benthos Divers, Okinawa Diving Center, Arch Angel and Pink Marlin Club. There has also been significant interest from other operators, even those that are not located in Onna Village, for Green Fins training and assessment.

Suika Tsumita from Oceana said: “Green Fins serve as an important tool for local diving communities to move towards a more sustainable use of their dive sites; so that they can maintain their scenic beauty and biological richness to provide livelihoods for many generations to come.”

For more information, please visit or Dive and snorkel operators interested in signing up for Green Fins can find the membership application form at:

Dive and snorkel operators in Japan interested in signing up to be Green Fins members can contact the Green Fins Japan team at

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