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Underwater Investigator Claims To Have Found The Wreck Of Christopher Columbus’s Flagship

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A US underwater investigator has said he believes he has found the wreck of the Santa Maria, the flagship of Christopher Columbus’s famed expedition.

Barry Clifford said evidence “strongly suggests” a ruin off Haiti’s north coast is the Santa Maria.

Mr Clifford’s team has measured and taken photos of the wreck.

He says he is working with the Haitian government to protect the site for a more detailed investigation.

The Santa Maria, along with the La Nina and La Pinta, were part of Columbus’s expedition in 1492, which explored islands in the Caribbean in an attempt to find a westward passage to Asia.

The flagship was lost during the expedition, shortly before Columbus returned to Spain.

“All the geographical, underwater topography and archaeological evidence strongly suggests that this wreck is Columbus’s famous flagship, the Santa Maria,” said Mr Clifford.

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Columbusย and his flagship

Christopher Columbus in a painting by Sebastiano del Piombo
  • The Santa Maria left Spain in August 1492, along with La Pinta and La Nina, sailing westward
  • It was the largest ship in the expedition, about 117ft (36m) long
  • The ship ran aground on a reef near Haiti on Christmas Day, 1492
  • Columbus told his crew to strip timbers from the ship to build an outpost or fort nearby, leaving sailors behind while he returned to Spain
  • The fort, known as La Navidad, was found destroyed upon Columbus’s return to the island he called Hispanola

Sources: Encyclopaedia Britannica, Smithsonian Magazine

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“I am confident that a full excavation of the wreck will yield the first-ever detailed marine archaeological evidence of Columbus’ discovery of America,” he added.

Mr Clifford said he identified the potential location of the Santa Maria through earlier archaeological findings that pinpointed a likely location for Columbus’s fort – a building that experts always thought was erected near to where the ship ran aground.

He also used information from the explorer’s diary, and a recent diving mission near the site further burnished Mr Clifford’s belief the wreck was the Santa Maria.

Mr Clifford told US broadcaster CNN the “smoking gun” was a cannon of 15th Century design found at the site.

A marine archaeologist who accompanied Mr Clifford on that mission said there was “very compelling evidence” but an excavation of the site would be necessary to confirm the wreck’s identity.

Further investigation will be supported by the government of Haiti and the History Channel, which plans to make a documentary programme about the wreck.

Mr Clifford is best known for the excavation of the first fully verified pirate shipwreck, the Whydah.

 

Source: www.bbc.co.uk/news

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The Ocean Cleanup to Complete 100th Extraction Live from the Great Pacific Garbage Patch

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the ocean cleanup
  • The Ocean Cleanup marks 100th extraction of plastic pollution from the Pacific Ocean by livestreaming entire cleaning operation from start to finish.
  • Occasion brings together supporters, partners, donors and followers as the project readies its cleanup technology for scale-up.
  • Founder and CEO Boyan Slat to provide insight on the plans ahead.

The Ocean Cleanup is set to reach a milestone of 100 plastic extractions from the Great Pacific Garbage Patch.

Extraction #100, scheduled for 28 or 29 May 2024, will be the first ever to be livestreamed direct from the Pacific Ocean, allowing supporters and partners around the world to see up close how the organization has removed over 385,000 kilograms (nearly 850,000 lbs) of plastic from the GPGP so far โ€“ more than double the bare weight of the Statue of Liberty.

the ocean cleanup

The mission of The Ocean Cleanup is to rid the oceans of plastic. To do this, the non-profit project employs a dual strategy: cleaning up legacy floating plastic in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch (the worldโ€™s largest accumulation of floating plastic), while stopping the flow of plastic from the worldโ€™s most polluting rivers.

The Ocean Cleanup captured its first plastic (the first โ€˜extractionโ€™) in the GPGP in 2019 with System 001, following years of trials and testing with a variety of concepts. Through System 002 and now the larger and more efficient System 03, the organization has consistently improved and optimized operations, and is now preparing to extract plastic trash from the GPGP for the 100th time.

the ocean cleanup

Extraction #100 will be an interactive broadcast showing the entire extraction procedure live and in detail, with insight provided by representatives from across The Ocean Cleanup and partners contributing to the operations.

โ€˜This is an important milestone in a key year for The Ocean Cleanup.โ€™ said Boyan Slat, Founder and CEO of The Ocean Cleanup. โ€˜Weโ€™ve come a long way since our first extraction in 2019. During the 2024 season, with System 03, we aim to demonstrate that we are ready to scale up, and with it, confine the Great Pacific Garbage Patch to the history books.โ€™

the ocean cleanup

The livestream will be hosted on The Ocean Cleanupโ€™s YouTube channel and via X. Monitor @theoceancleanup for confirmed timings.

www.theoceancleanup.com

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๐—•๐—ฉ๐—œ ๐—ช๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—ธ ๐—ช๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—ธ ๐Ÿฎ๐Ÿฌ๐Ÿฎ๐Ÿฐ: ๐—จ๐—ป๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ถ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ง๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐——๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—ฝ

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As the sun sets over the turquoise waters of the British Virgin Islands, adventure enthusiasts and diving aficionados from around the globe are gearing up for the highly anticipated event of the year โ€“ BVI Wreck Week 2024. Set to take place from ๐—๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ฒ ๐Ÿญ๐Ÿฒ-๐Ÿฎ๐Ÿฎ, this thrilling week long extravaganza promises an unparalleled exploration of maritime history and underwater wonders.
Organized by the BVI Scuba Organization, BVI Wreck Week 2024 is a celebration of the rich maritime heritage and natural beauty that the British Virgin Islands have to offer. From seasoned wreck divers to curious beginners, this event caters to all levels of experience, offering a diverse range of activities and experiences both above and below the waterline.
Highlighting the event are the meticulously preserved wrecks and art-reefs that dot the sea floor of the British Virgin Islands.
๐—ฃ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐˜๐˜€ ๐˜„๐—ถ๐—น๐—น ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐˜๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐˜† ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ ๐—ถ๐—ป๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ต๐—ถ๐˜€๐˜๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐˜† ๐—ฒ๐˜…๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐˜€๐—ฒ ๐—ณ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜€๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฒ๐˜€, ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ต ๐˜„๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต ๐—ถ๐˜๐˜€ ๐—ผ๐˜„๐—ป ๐˜€๐˜๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐˜๐—ผ ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—น๐—น.
From legendary โ€œPirateโ€ ships to World War II-era vessels, these wrecks serve as time capsules, offering glimpses into the past and stirring the imagination of all who visit them.
But BVI Wreck Week is not just about diving โ€“ it’s a full-fledged festival celebrating the marine environment and the vibrant culture of the British Virgin Islands.
๐—”๐˜๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ผ๐—ธ ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฎ ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ธ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜€๐—ฐ๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฑ๐˜‚๐—น๐—ฒ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ฒ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜๐˜€, ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—น๐˜‚๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ต ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐˜€, ๐—น๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ ๐—บ๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ฐ ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐˜€, ๐—ฐ๐˜‚๐—น๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ด๐—ต๐˜๐˜€ ๐—ณ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐˜๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ฐ๐˜‚๐—ถ๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฒ, ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—น ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜€ ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜ƒ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป..
We are thrilled to welcome divers and adventurers from around the world to BVI Wreck Week 2024,” said ๐—ž๐—ถ๐—บ ๐—›๐˜‚๐—ถ๐˜€๐—ต, ๐—ฃ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—•๐—ฉ๐—œ ๐—ฆ๐—ฐ๐˜‚๐—ฏ๐—ฎ ๐—ข๐—ฟ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜‡๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป. “This event is not only an opportunity to explore some of the most captivating wrecks in the Caribbean butalso a chance to immerse oneself in the beauty and culture of the British Virgin Islands.
BVI Wreck Week 2024 promises an unforgettable experience for all who attend โ€“ whether you’re an avid diver, history buff, or simply looking for an exciting getaway. If you canโ€™t get here this year you can still follow along online as there will be daily, often โ€œLiveโ€ posts to our socials. Donโ€™t miss your chance to be a part of this one-of-a-kind event!
For more information and to register, visit bviwreckweek.com or follow on BVI Wreck Week andย instagram.com/bviwreck/
Nick and Caroline Robertson-Brown attended BVI Wreck Week in 2023. Read there 3-part blog about the event here:
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Experience the Red Sea in May with Bella Eriny Liveaboard! As the weather warms up, thereโ€™s no better time to dive into the crystal clear waters of the Red Sea. Join us on Bella Eriny, your premier choice for Red Sea liveaboards, this May for an unforgettable underwater adventure. Explore vibrant marine life and stunning coral reefs Enjoy comfortable accommodation in our spacious cabins Savor delicious meals prepared by our onboard chef Benefit from the expertise of our professional dive guides Visit our website for more information and to secure your spot: www.scubatravel.com/BellaEriny or call 01483 411590 More Less

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