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Marine Life & Conservation

EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: Jeff Goodman talks with Alex Earl – Executive Director, Project AWARE Foundation



Project AWARE Foundation is a non-profit organization working with scuba divers worldwide to protect the ocean planet one dive at a time. With over 20 years in marine conservation experience and  conservation results, Project AWARE is focusing on major ocean issues where scuba divers are uniquely positioned to directly and positively affect real, long-term change – Sharks in Peril, Rays at Risk and Marine Debris, or trash in our oceans. Recently, Project AWARE has achieved major milestones including helping secure historic international protections for some of the world’s most threatened species of sharks and rays. Together, Project AWARE and dive volunteers also removed more than 133,000 lbs/60,000 kgs of trash from 300 underwater sites in one year alone.

Alex Earl’s biography and experience in the world of marine conservation is extensive. If you look him up on Linkedin be prepared for good long read. He is a man who is obviously passionate about our oceans and the protection of all the wildlife they encompass.

I asked Alex how he first became aware and interested in the sea.

Alex:  I was fortunate to grow up amidst one of the last wild frontiers on the planet in Stewart, British Columbia, Canada, situated right on the border between Alaska and British Columbia at the end of one of the longest fjords on the Pacific Coast. I spent many days sailing and exploring this coastline with my family and friends. Experiencing this pristine natural setting with wild salmon runs, otters, seals, sharks, porpoises, orcas and whales forged a deep desire to protect and conserve our environment.

Jeff:  At what point in your life did you realise our oceans were in serious decline?

Alex:  My parents were environmentally aware in the best spirit of the 60s and 70s and encouraged a strong respect for the natural world. They always emphasized that the pristine environment we were experiencing was rare and diminishing globally. My environmental awareness grew as a teenager, in university, volunteering in Central America, and completing outdoor guide training. However, the seminal moment for me in transitioning my awareness to advocacy and activism was completing my PADI Advanced Open Water Diver training in the Philippines in a Marine Protected Area. During the course, I learned about Project AWARE and my instructor, who was from the United Kingdom, was very passionate about marine conservation and diving. He planted the seed which, over time, lead to an epiphany that a professional commitment to marine conservation was my future. I used to lay awake at night staring at the ceiling feeling that I knew the environmental problems faced by the ocean and our planet but that I was not part of the solution. I felt I had to be part of the solution because I had no excuse and did not want to be an old man in the future looking into the eyes of children and young people who asked me why my generation did not do something when there was still time. Future generations are going to judge us harshly and they are going to need to be inspired by the actions of those who came before them as those in the environmental movement now have been by John Muir, Rachel Carson, David Brower, Paul Watson, Jane Goodall and David Suzuki for example.

Jeff:  Can you tell us about your first environmental campaign?

Alex: I worked on a rainforest seedling project in Costa Rica. I was also involved in raising awareness about climate change as a high school teacher in Japan. However, my first environmental campaign as an activist and professional environmentalist was with Sea Shepherd Conservation Society working organizationally to support Operation Migaloo in 2007. This campaign was Sea Shepherd’s annual whale defense campaign in Antarctica with 68 crew members at sea for 83 days covering 20,000 miles in the Southern Ocean. During that campaign, 484 whales were saved and no humpback or fin whales were killed.  Operation Migaloo was the first Sea Shepherd anti-whaling campaign to be filmed by Animal Planet and it’s profiled in Season 1 of the television series Whale Wars.

Jeff:  I see from your profile on the Project AWARE website ( that early in your conservation career you became a global executive for the ‘front line’ Sea Shepherd Conservation Society. Having made a few films with Paul Watson I know how dedicated the crews and supporters of his campaigns are. I personally think direct action is often the only alternative left to us when confronting the impossible odds of bureaucracy, indifference and short term economics. What made you join Sea Shepherd rather than a more conventional conservation group?

Alex: I was very proud and honored to join Sea Shepherd Conservation Society and to work with amazing activists across the globe like Kim McCoy, Chuck Swift, Carla Robinson, Kurt Lieber, Peter Hammarstedt, Alex Cornelissen, Jeff Hansen, and Geert Von Jon because I also share your perfectly stated sentiment that direct action is often the only alternative left when confronting the impossible odds of bureaucracy, indifference and short term economics. By the day, this is becoming more of the case. We are witnessing ecocide take place before our eyes to ecosystems and animals that have been on the planet for hundreds of millions of years and it’s a crime against future generations. Growing up, Sea Shepherd received prominent media attention in my home province of British Columbia. Aside from challenging whaling globally and the seal hunt in Eastern Canada, Sea Shepherd also fought battles over old growth clear cutting and wolf hunts. To me, in terms of directed action, they were profoundly filling that niche in marine conservation. It takes courage and commitment to push the boundaries and rules of society in order to effect change that would likely not otherwise happen.

Jeff:   How does Project AWARE differ from other conservation organisations?

Alex: Project AWARE is the only conservation organization exclusively focused on representing the global environmental voice of scuba divers. We offer impactful global solutions that divers and ocean advocates can be part of through citizen science. Through powerful partnerships and alliances like our  international membership in the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) for example, we ensure the voice of divers is heard where it has not traditionally been on an international policy level. We have a seat at the table to be part of discussions when and where they matter for some of the world’s most threatened species.

To me, Project AWARE represents one of the best investments in marine conservation because we have 20 years of achievements under our belt and a unique long-term corporate partnership with the Professional Association of Diving Instructors (PADI) which provides us with powerful access to thousands of dedicated PADI Professionals and millions of certified scuba divers. Approximately, 1.5 million advocates are directly engaged with Project AWARE to date and we are growing. Our programs and campaigns align with some of the ocean’s top challenges globally, like the Dive Against Debris program which is the largest year-round underwater survey of its kind.  Our supporters are directly trained and positioned to help remove marine debris and advocate for litter prevention globally.

Jeff:  On the Project AWARE website it says you support an unprecedented global movement of divers acting in their own communities to protect oceans and implement lasting change. Can you tell us how that support manifests itself?

Alex:  That support manifests itself in many ways. Project AWARE is tackling ocean protection from two angles – we’re connecting the dots between a top-down and bottom-up approaches to implement change. Top down, through powerful partnerships and alliances of like-minded policy-makers and NGOs, we’re pushing for change at the highest levels of government. And two, in partnership with 1.5 million scuba divers and activists, we’re working at a grassroots level to take action in local communities of the world. Today, the dive community is becoming more and more aware of the power of its voice and its ability to influence change for critical conservation issues. For example shark and ray tourism is estimated to be worth $310,000,000 USD annually. This is an economic power that opens doors to conversations at a policy level like never before. At CITES in Thailand in 2013, this support manifested itself in the largest petition on behalf of sharks and rays (130,000 signatures) which was backed by celebrities like Leonardo Di Caprio and Survivorman Les Stroud.

Jeff:  If an individual or group of divers have concerns about the conservation of their local area and wanted to start their own campaign, would Project AWARE be able to look at those concerns and offer help in some way?

Alex: Here at Project AWARE, we do believe that lasting change is people-powered. Our online conservation network, My Ocean ( was specifically designed as a platform for divers and local leaders to scale up environmental issues and actions for change. In My Ocean you can post local events and recruit volunteers, you can post images and updates on local campaigns and connect with like-minded advocates in the dive community My Ocean. So far, this unique community has over 9,000 members globally and any member can request assistance or advice on a peer to peer level. In addition, if a diver or group of divers have regional conservation concerns and want to create a local initiative or campaign they can also apply for funding from our annual Ocean Action Project. Beyond these avenues we always work as we can to provide advice or consultation to the dive community if requested about how they may address local conservation issues or create campaigns.

Jeff:  At the moment Project Aware seems to be focusing on two major concerns, Sharks in Peril and Marine Debris. How can people, especially divers, become involved?

Alex:  In 2014, Project AWARE is focused on Marine Debris through our Dive Against Debris program, Sharks in Peril, Manta Rays at Risk, the Ocean Action Project, and rolling out the new 10 Tips for Divers to Protect the Ocean Planet. As the only marine conservation organization exclusively focused on the dive community there is always a welcome sign on our door for divers to become engaged together with us. If divers want to work on the marine debris issue we encourage them to become citizen scientists by organizing or taking part in a Dive Against Debris event in their local area or while travelling. The data collected is used in our policy efforts with government and industry to try to stop any more marine debris from entering our marine ecosystems which is the only long-term solution. Project AWARE has global policy coverage on this issue as a founding member of the Trash Free Seas Alliance (USA), a member of the Boomerang Alliance (Australia), and a member of Seas At Risk (Europe). If divers are passionate about sharks and rays and want to help raise awareness and funds for their conservation then we encourage them to organize or take part in a Finathon event. In 2013, over $65,000 USD was raised to support Project AWARE’s shark and ray program efforts. If divers want to organize their own campaigns for sharks and rays or marine debris they can apply to the Ocean Action Project or outline their project on My Ocean.  If PADI dive centers and professionals want to support Project AWARE they can join our 100% AWARE program ensuring that every dive student they train will receive a Project AWARE certification card and that our programs will receive regular funding that can be budgeted. We also encourage divers to sign up for our newsletter, to follow updates on our site and social media, and to help spread these updates for maximum awareness.

Jeff:  As we become more aware each year of the global decimation of our marine life, do you ever get despondent to the point of not knowing what to do next?

Alex:  Many things cross my desk that leave me questioning the state of humanity which could easily drive me to become despondent. It often seems like ignorance, greed, and destruction are exponentially outpacing valiant efforts to offset them. However, I have a three year old son, young nieces, staff and friends with young children so for them and the sake of their generation I don’t have the luxury of going to this place. I have also learned to maintain a balance of a healthy sense of humour and perspective. From an optimistic standpoint I know that I work with a team at Project AWARE that offers inspired and positive solutions. There are also many other marine conservation and environmental organizations doing great work which is inspiring and critical. Each of our efforts collectively are taking a bite out of the problem and they are making a difference. Change is happening but the battle is ensuring that it happens fast enough on a global scale. When I was a child society culturally accepted drinking while driving, not using seat belts while driving, no carseats for small children, and smoking with little to no limits. In a relatively short space of time society has recognized the dangers of these activities and placed limits on them. We have the capability to recognize the errors of our ways as a species and to change course. Now we need do this more quickly and globally or we face unimaginable consequences and the wrath of future generations.

Jeff:  We often hear statistics and opinions on sustainability and fish quotas, yet each year I see less and less marine life. We are advised to eat lots of fish and at the same make sure they are sustainably caught. To me, this is simply market forces at work where different species are looked upon as separate entities and not as crucial parts of global food chains. I feel there are few, if any, truly sustainable wild fisheries in existence. We seem to just keep species as close as possible to the boarders of extinction.

What do you truly think will happen to the state of our marine ecosystems in the years to come? 

Alex:  I am not a marine scientist or biologist, rather I am an activist and professional within the environmental non-profit sector so my opinions expressed here are from this sphere. I think that we are at a tipping point and must take profound and immediate action or face a predictable destiny where it is estimated that there will be virtually nothing left to fish by mid-century, where ocean acidification is rampant and where jelly fish become the predominant ocean species on the planet. The risks of not taking action have been well publicized but the real question is, can or will humanity rise to the occasion to make the change needed in time? I have great faith that this change will happen because I have personally experienced and there is a momentum of energy forward that will only grow stronger. I recall being very surprised and inspired when I worked at Sea Shepherd by the support we received from unlikely marine conservation supporters spread around the world who did not know each other but felt the same way. I have experienced this also at Project AWARE. What this tells me is that there something innate in human beings that want to be connected to nature and to protect it especially when we truly understand what is at risk.

Jeff:  I personally find that the majority of people I meet have little or no comprehension of the depleted state of our seas. It’s difficult for the majority to become involved while at the same time struggling to make a living, raise a family and pay the bills. What do you feel is the best way of addressing this?

Alex:  I agree Jeff.  The majority of people are so busy struggling making a living, raising a family, and paying the bills that they are left with very little time or energy to comprehend the rapid and unprecedented environmental depletion of our planet let alone act on it. These changes also create what is referred to as shifting baselines where we incrementally adjust to depletion in our environment to the point where we forget what real ocean abundance and diversity really is or was. Consequently it may not be apparent to many as to why we must act. It is very challenging to get the public to understand or internalize that our life support systems, including the 71 percent of the planet that the ocean constitutes, are at risk of collapse. I believe that constant and creative education, awareness, and communications, as well as cutting edge programs that enable the public to be part of the solution are key. While it is important to communicate how serious the situation is it is even more important to communicate hope, inspiration, and concrete solutions or paths forward.

Jeff:  The sea is my passion and I am just as thrilled to see hermit crabs changing shells as I am to see whales lunging through bait balls. I must confess though, the adrenalin factor is slightly higher with the whales. I’m sure you are asked this quite a lot, but do you have favourite places to dive or species to see?

Alex:  The sea is also my passion from its soul renewing beauty to watching the antics of the smallest to the largest marine animals. I am also a big fan of whales but my favorite species to see underwater are sharks, rays and giant pacific octopus.  Some of my favourite places to dive are British Columbia, Canada; the Philippines; the Great Barrier Reef, Australia and Cozumel, Mexico.

Jeff:  Could you sum up for us why it is so important to preserve our oceans and tell us how to best support their conservation in our daily lives?

Alex:  The ocean regulates our climate, holds 97 percent of Earth’s water, and supports the greatest abundance and diversity of life on our planet. Earth truly is an ocean planet. More has been invested in learning about other planets than our ocean. From a purely selfish point of view, it is important to preserve the ocean because the fate of humanity is tied to the fate of the ocean and marine animals. I believe if we don’t get this right and survive as a species then in the minimum we will permanently lose a deep spiritual, emotional, and creative part of ourselves that is tied to a healthy and abundant ocean. Esteemed Oceanographer and Project AWARE Advisory Board Member, Sylvia Earle, calls the ocean the blue heart of our planet and profoundly states that “our actions over the next 10 years will determine the state of the ocean for the next 10,000 years.” The time to act is now.

In terms of supporting conservation in one’s daily life, I think the starting point is to find an environmental non-profit with a mission and programs that speak to you and that you are passionate about. The Project AWARE team works hard to represent this to divers and ocean advocates. I would check third party charity evaluators and annual reports posted on non-profit sites to ensure that funds that are donated are used efficiently and for impact. Once you have found the right non-profit fit then sign up for any communications like newsletters and social media to stay on top the latest developments and volunteering options. Spread awareness with your family and friends. Don’t underestimate how important it is to invest in ocean protection. Marine conservation receives an extremely small amount of the funds that are given to the environmental movement. Public donations of any size are extremely important and make a difference. Individuals should not underestimate the power they have in their daily actions as well and should not assume that if they don’t act then all will be good because someone else will. We are all on duty protecting our ocean planet.

Jeff:  Thanks Alex.

[youtube id=”vfHFm-wj2qo” width=”100%” height=”400px”]

To find out more about Alex, click here.

To find out more about Project AWARE, click here.

Jeff is a multiple award winning, freelance TV cameraman/film maker and author. Having made both terrestrial and marine films, it is the world's oceans and their conservation that hold his passion with over 10.000 dives in his career. Having filmed for international television companies around the world and author of two books on underwater filming, Jeff is Author/Programme Specialist for the 'Underwater Action Camera' course for the RAID training agency. Jeff has experienced the rapid advances in technology for diving as well as camera equipment and has also experienced much of our planet’s marine life, witnessing, first hand, many of the changes that have occurred to the wildlife and environment during that time. Jeff runs bespoke underwater video and editing workshops for the complete beginner up to the budding professional.

Marine Life & Conservation

Shaping Tomorrow’s Shores: The Future of Coastal Habitat Restoration



Coastal Habitat Restoration

A new partnership between World Wide Fund for Nature – Netherlands (WWF-NL) , the Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance (DCNA) and Coastal Dynamics will spearhead an initiative to define future conservation and restoration projects within Dutch Caribbean coastal habitats. Centered around mangroves and seagrass beds, this ambitious feasibility study aims to craft a portfolio of forward-looking projects. The objective is to fortify these areas against escalating threats like climate change, pollution, and unsustainable coastal development, ensuring their sustained health and resilience.

The Dutch Caribbean is home to unique island ecosystems facing challenges from overdevelopment, climate change, and other environmental pressures. Coastal ecosystems represent critically important areas, particularly in regards to their biodiversity, climate resilience, and cultural heritage. The proposed feasibility study seeks to bridge gaps in expertise, resources, and collaboration across all six of the Dutch Caribbean islands (Aruba, Curacao, Bonaire, Saba, St. Maarten and St. Eustatius).

Coastal Habitat Restoration

Photo: Henkjan Kievit


The primary goal of the project is to conduct an in-depth feasibility study under the DCNA’s Conservation and Restoration of Key Habitats Program. Key components of the study include assessing the current status of mangroves and seagrass beds, stakeholder engagement, and conducting an overall resource assessment.

Nature-Based Solutions

The study will focus on coastal area restoration, specifically targeting mangroves and seagrass beds in collaboration with Dutch Caribbean Park Organizations. The aim is to develop a nature-inclusive approach with nature-based solutions to enhance resilience and sustainability.  Overall, this project has two main objectives:

  • Feasibility Study: Assess the viability of conservation efforts, including technical, financial, and human resource requirements.
  • Knowledge Sharing & Capacity Building: Present findings, address knowledge gaps, and build capacity among Park Organizations for effective restoration initiatives.
Coastal Habitat Restoration

Photo: Christian König

Forward Planning

The feasibility study’s success is crucial for creating a comprehensive understanding of coastal habitat conditions, fostering collaboration, and laying the groundwork for future restoration programs. By unifying efforts, the study aims to enhance communication, knowledge sharing, and resource utilization across all six islands.

Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance (DCNA)

Header Image: Kai Wulf

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Hunting Lionfish Safely and Responsibly in Curaçao




Curaçao, a picturesque island in the southern Caribbean, is not only renowned for its stunning beaches and vibrant culture but also for its commitment to preserving its marine ecosystems. One of the key threats to these delicate ecosystems is the invasive lionfish. To combat this menace, responsible hunting practices are crucial.

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore how to hunt lionfish safely and responsibly in Curaçao, including the use of pole spears (the only legal method in Curaçao). We will provide you with the top 10 safe hunting practices, including the use of a Zookeeper. We will also address what to do if you are stung by a lionfish and emphasize the importance of consulting with local experts before embarking on your lionfish hunting adventure.

Why Safe and Responsible Lionfish Hunting is Important

Lionfish (Pterois spp.) are native to the Indo-Pacific region but have become invasive predators in the Caribbean, including the waters surrounding Curaçao. Their voracious appetite for native fish species and rapid reproduction rates poses a severe threat to the delicate balance of marine ecosystems in the region. The introduction of lionfish has led to a decline in native fish populations and the degradation of coral reefs.

To counteract the lionfish invasion, responsible hunting practices are essential. Hunting lionfish can help control their population and protect the native marine life of Curaçao’s waters. However, it is imperative to follow safe and responsible hunting techniques to minimize the impact on the environment and ensure the safety of both divers and the marine ecosystem.

Understanding the Pole Spear

In Curaçao, the only legal method for hunting lionfish is using a pole spear. It’s important to note that a pole spear is distinct from other spearfishing equipment, such as a Hawaiian sling or a spear gun with a trigger mechanism. The use of Hawaiian slings or spear guns with triggers is illegal in Curaçao for lionfish hunting due to safety and conservation concerns.


A pole spear consists of a long, slender pole with a pointed tip, often made of stainless steel or fiberglass, designed for precision and accuracy. Unlike a trigger-based spear gun, a pole spear requires the diver to manually draw back on a rubber band then release towards the target, providing a more controlled and selective approach to hunting.

How to Hunt Lionfish Using a Pole Spear Responsibly

When using a pole spear to hunt lionfish, it’s crucial to do so responsibly to ensure the safety of both the diver and the marine environment. Here are some essential guidelines on how to hunt lionfish using a pole spear responsibly:

  1. Safety First: Always prioritize safety when diving and hunting. Ensure you have the necessary training and experience for hunting lionfish. Consider the Lionfish Scuba Dive Experience offered by Ocean Encounters. This opportunity allows participants to learn under the expert guidance of local scuba diving professionals.
  2. Check Regulations: Familiarize yourself with local regulations and restrictions related to lionfish hunting in Curaçao. Respect no-take zones and marine protected areas.
  3. Target Only Lionfish: Use your pole spear exclusively for lionfish hunting. Do not attempt to spear any other species, as this can harm the fragile ecosystem.
  4. Aim for Precision: Approach your target lionfish carefully and aim for a precise shot to minimize the risk of injuring other marine life or damaging the coral reef.
  5. Use a Zookeeper: A Zookeeper is a specialized container designed to safely store and transport lionfish after capture. It prevents the lionfish’s venomous spines from causing harm and keeps them secure during the dive.
  6. Respect Lionfish Anatomy: Target the head of the lionfish and stay away from its venomous spines. Aim for a clean and humane kill to minimize suffering.
  7. Avoid Overhunting: Do not overhunt lionfish in a single dive. Limit the number of lionfish you catch to what you can safely handle and process.
  8. Practice Good Buoyancy: Maintain excellent buoyancy control to avoid inadvertently damaging the reef or stirring up sediment, which can harm marine life.
  9. Dispose Responsibly: Once you’ve caught lionfish, carefully place them in your Zookeeper. Do not release them back into the water, as they are invasive and harmful to the ecosystem.
  10. Report Your Catch: If applicable, report your lionfish catch to local authorities or organizations involved in lionfish management to contribute to data collection efforts.

In the Unlikely Event of a Lionfish Sting

While lionfish stings are rare, it’s essential to know how to respond if you or someone you are diving with is stung. Lionfish have venomous spines that can cause pain, swelling, and even more severe reactions in some cases. Here’s how to respond to a lionfish sting:

  1. Signal for Help: Notify your diving buddy or group immediately if you are stung.
  2. Remove Spines: If the spines are still embedded in the skin, carefully remove them with tweezers or a clean, sterile tool. Be cautious not to break the spines, as this can release more venom.
  3. Clean the Wound: Rinse the affected area with warm water to help alleviate pain and reduce the risk of infection.
  4. Pain Management: Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help with pain and swelling. However, if you experience severe symptoms, seek medical attention promptly.
  5. Seek Medical Help: If the pain and swelling worsen or if you have an allergic reaction to the venom, seek medical assistance immediately.

Consult Local Lionfish Experts

Before embarking on a lionfish hunting adventure in Curaçao, it’s crucial to consult with local and responsible dive shops or organizations dedicated to lionfish management, such as Lionfish Caribbean.


These experts can provide valuable insights, tips, and up-to-date information on how to hunt lionfish safely and responsibly, hunting locations, safety measures, and environmental conservation efforts.

Start Planning your Next Caribbean Adventure

Knowing how to hunt lionfish safely and responsibly in Curaçao is not just an exciting underwater activity but also a crucial step in protecting the island’s marine ecosystems. By using a pole spear and adhering to the top 10 safe hunting practices, including the use of a Zookeeper, you can contribute to the control of the invasive lionfish population while preserving the delicate balance of Curaçao’s underwater world.

Remember that safety should always be your top priority when diving and hunting lionfish. In the unlikely event of a lionfish sting, knowing how to respond can make all the difference. By consulting with local experts and following ethical and legal guidelines, you can enjoy a rewarding and responsible lionfish hunting experience while safeguarding the beauty of Curaçao’s marine environment for generations to come. Please always dive safely and responsibly, and together, we can make a positive impact on Curaçao’s underwater world while learning how to hunt lionfish effectively.

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