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Clean Sweep For Sharks And Rays At CMS CoP11



Sharks And Rays

Parties from the UN conservation convention unanimously vote 21 species of threatened sharks and rays into the appendices of CMS

CMS logo Sharks And Rays


Quito, Ecuador November 9th 2014: Convention of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

Global momentum for elasmobranch conservation continued with a clean sweep at the CMS Conference of the Parties (CoP) in Quito, Ecuador yesterday, as all 21 proposed species of threatened sharks and rays were successfully listed on the appendices of CMS (CMS is an intergovernmental treaty under the United Nations Environment Program. CMS CoPs take place every 3 years).

CMS devil ray Sharks And Rays In summary, all five sawfish species,  all nine species of Mobula (devil rays), and the reef manta ray have been listed successfully on Appendix I & II, which should bring about stricter protections for these species globally. Two species of hammerheads (the great & scalloped), all three thresher shark species (the bigeye, common and pelagic), and the silky shark have been awarded CMS Appendix II listing, which should encourage increased regional cooperation for their conservation.

The Marine Megafauna Foundation is particularly delighted about the inclusion of sawfish, the world’s most endangered marine fish and of course the reef manta ray, which was overlooked in the 2011 proposal to list the giant manta ray on CMS.

cms sawfish Sharks And Rays

Dr. Andrea Marshall Sharks And Rays “This is another tremendous success for the rays,” gushed Dr. Andrea Marshall, director of the Marine Megafauna Foundation. “These CMS listings were sorely needed to help secure increased protection and management for these incredibly threatened species which are declining at alarming rates.”

Marshall, who made a passionate intervention before the Parties on behalf of MMF and a collation of NGOs last Thursday, is the principal scientist for MMF’s Global Manta Ray Program and has been actively collecting data to support the proposal for Manta alfredi for years. She and her research team have conducted peer-reviewed scientific studies on three different continents demonstrating the highly mobile nature of this species in the lead up to CMS CoP11.

MMF scientists had already helped show that manta rays are amongst the least fecund of all shark and ray species with extremely conservative life history traits, most notably their small litter size. Low productivity species are highly vulnerable to human pressures, particularly fishing, one of the main reasons they are listed as vulnerable to extinction on the IUCN redlist of endangered species. However, to be eligible for a CMS listing, there needed to be evidence that the reef manta ray is also a migratory species in need of regional conservation efforts.

CMS reef manta Sharks And Rays The MMF say they have been extremely concerned about the reef manta since their team documented a swift and significant 88% decline in observational sighting records of Manta alfredi at one of the most important aggregation areas for this species in the Indian Ocean. This local artisanal fishery for reef mantas in Mozambique predominantly uses resulting products domestically and operates at a much smaller scale than more organized fisheries for manta rays being monitored other parts of the globe. The implications of this study should be obvious and show the swift and devastating effects even small-scale fisheries can have on even relatively large populations of this species.

While international trade issues have been recently addressed with an Appendix II listing on CITES, domestic harvesting of Manta alfredi within range states is still an issue that threatens the survival of the species. This CMS listing will now encourage its protection within range states, prompt better management of populations and help to facilitate much needed research.

CMS Silky shark Sharks And Rays Across the world NGOs* have been voicing their opposition to unsustainable fisheries for sharks and rays, highlighting that these charismatic species would be much better used as drawcards for marine tourism, an ever-expanding and very lucrative industry that profits a wider variety of stakeholders and returns and expands the opportunity for continued profit to the countries where these species reside or frequent. Current estimates place global revenues from manta ray related tourism at close to $140 million US dollars annually.

Manta rays cannot afford to be exploited and MMF have commended Fiji for sponsoring this proposal and Ecuador, the host country, for paving the way for global manta conservation in recent years.

“This is a major win for sharks and rays,” said Dr. Marshall. “these timely listings will go a long way to ensure that these species do not go extinct in the wild.”

To find out more about the MMF visit

Sharks And Rays Thresher*In addition to the MMF, other NGOs actively supporting shark & ray proposals at CoP11 also included Shark Advocates International, Humane Society International, Project AWARE Foundation, Wildlife Conservation Society, PEW, Manta Trust, International Fund for Animal Welfare, & Pretoma.


WIN a Bigblue Expandable Tray!!!



For this week’s competition, we’ve teamed up with our good friends at Liquid Sports to give away a Bigblue Expandable Tray as a prize!!!

The Bigblue expandable tray (176mm-287mm) has fittings and screws to attach action and compact cameras. The base and handles are made from high grade aluminium with the handles having a neoprene grip. The package also includes clamps and adaptors for 1” ball and YS light fittings.

To be in with a chance of winning this awesome prize, all you have to do is answer the following question:

In a recent post on (which you can read here), we reported that the Handicapped Scuba Association South Africa has announced plans to host their 6th Annual fundraising event “HSASA 50hr Dive–A-Thon 2021” this year. But on what dates will the event take place?

Is it:

  • A) 15th – 17th October
  • B) 22nd – 24th October
  • C) 29th – 31st October

Answer, A, B or C to the question above:

Liquid Sports Bigblue Extendable Tray March 2021

  • Enter the country you live in
  • Terms and Conditions: This competition is open to all visitors to except for members of the Scubaverse team and their families, or employees of Liquid Sports and their families. A valid answer to the competition’s question must be entered. If no valid answer to the competition’s question is entered, your entry will be invalid. Only one competition entry per entrant permitted (multiple entries will lead to disqualification). Only one prize per winner. All prizes are non-transferable, and no cash alternative will be offered. In the event that the prize cannot be supplied, no liability will be attached to When prizes are supplied by third parties, is acting as their agents and as such we exclude all liability for loss or damage you may suffer as a result of this competition. This competition closes on 14/04/2021. The winner will be notified by email. The Editor-in-Chief’s decision is final.

  • The following fields are optional, however if you fill them in it will help us to determine what prizes to source in the future.

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Jeff chats to… Jim Elliott and Tinamarie Hernandez of Diveheart (Watch Video)



In this exclusive Zoom interview, Jeff Goodman, Scubaverse Editor-at-Large, chats to Jim Elliott, Founder and President of Diveheart, and Tinamarie Hernandez who is the organization’s Executive Director.

Diveheart is a US-based, nonprofit tax-exempt 501(c)(3) organization which aims to provide and support educational scuba diving programs that are open to any child, adult or veteran with a disability, with the hope of providing both physical and psychological therapeutic value to that person.

In their own words:

We’ve discovered the forgiving, weightless wonder of the water column provides the perfect gravity-free environment for those who might otherwise struggle on land. Underwater, we’re all equal.

Diveheart works with individuals who have a variety of disabilities, including physical and developmental disabilities, vision and hearing impairments, amputations, traumatic brain injuries, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and more. Diveheart seeks to help its participants “Imagine the Possibilities” in their lives.


Find out more about Diveheart and their valuable work at

Rather listen to a podcast? Listen to the audio HERE on the new Scubaverse podcast channel at Anchor FM.

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Explore the amazing triangle of Red Sea Reefs - The Brothers, Daedalus and Elphinstone on board the brand new liveaboard Big Blue.  With an option to add on a week at Roots Red Sea before or after. 

Strong currents and deep blue water are the catalysts that bring the pelagic species flocking to these reefs. The reefs themselves provide exquisite homes for a multitude of marine life.  The wafting soft corals are adorned with thousands of colourful fish. The gorgonian fans and hard corals provide magnificent back drops, all being patrolled by the reef’s predatory species.

£1475 per person based on double occupancy.  Soft all inclusive board basis, buffet meals with snacks, tea and coffee always available.  Add a week on at Roots Red Sea Resort before or after the liveaboard for just £725pp.  Flights and transfers are included.  See our brochure linked above for the full itinerary.

This trip will be hosted by The Scuba Place.  Come Dive with Us!

Call 020 3515 9955 or email

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